Health

What is A Pilonidal Cyst?

Pilonidal cysts are similar to pimples and usually form at the bottom of the tailbone or coccyx. This condition is common among people with professions that require a lot of sitting, like truck drivers. If you do not address your pilonidal cysts in Overland Park, they might become infected and filled with pus. An infected pilonidal cyst is an abscess and is usually painful and uncomfortable.

What causes a pilonidal cyst?

The cause of pilonidal cysts comes from ingrown hairs. However, this is not the only cause of pilonidal cysts, as some occur due to trauma in the coccyx. Risk factors for developing pilonidal cysts include obesity, excessive sweating, and physical inactivity.

What are the symptoms of pilonidal cysts?

Some of the main symptoms pointing to a developing pilonidal cyst include:

  • Redness and swelling in the lower parts of the spine
  • Pain
  • Pus or blood coming out of the pimple
  • Foul-smelling pus
  • Fever

The abscess may be small or large.

When should you seek medical attention?

These boils can be painful and prevent you from sitting or walking correctly. As a result, you must seek emergency care as soon as you notice symptoms. The most common approach your doctor will recommend is antibiotics or hot compresses. Another way to minimize swelling and pain is the use of depilatory creams. Your doctor may need to drain the cysts through a surgical procedure in severe cases.

How to diagnose a pilonidal cyst

The best way to confirm a pilonidal cyst diagnosis is to perform a physical exam on the affected area. Your doctor will also ask questions concerning the type of symptoms you are experiencing and review your medical history to determine if you have had a similar problem before.

How can you care for your pilonidal cysts and relieve symptoms at home?

The first thing you need to do is ensure that the area does not get infected because this will worsen your condition. Therefore, try to keep your cyst clean and dry. You may soak the area in warm water, which should help manage the pain. You may also take nonprescription pain medication. However, you should strictly follow dosage instructions.

What are the different surgical procedures that eliminate pilonidal cysts?

  • Incision and drainage: Your doctor will cut open the cysts and drain the fluid during this procedure. Afterward, your doctor will pack gauze into the space.
  • Marsupialization: After cutting open and draining the cysts, your doctor will sew the edges of the cut to close the wound.

Post-op care for pilonidal cysts removal

After your doctor has completed surgery and removed your pilonidal cysts, you will need to follow at-home care to prevent further complications. You should ensure that the area remains clean and dry and regularly check for signs of infection. Also, ensure that you follow up with your doctor, who will better evaluate how your cyst is healing.

Contact Wound Evolution – Wound Care and Hyperbaric Medicine to learn more about pilonidal cysts and the treatments available to help you eliminate your symptoms and improve your quality of life.

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