The leading cause of death in recent times is cardiovascular disease. Thus, it is necessary to monitor the indices of these diseases, that is, heart rate and blood pressure.
In recent years heart rate and blood pressure have been measured with the sphygmomanometer. But with advancements in technology, there have been digital and mobile devices to help check these parameters. An exciting innovation is the use of blood pressure and heart rate app. This app monitor and interpret normal pulse rates and blood pressure.
People often confuse these two parameters as being the same, which is not valid. Here, we will discuss the relationship between heart rate and blood pressure, what defines a normal reading, and why you should monitor your blood pressure at home. Let’s go!
BP and Pulse: What’s the Difference?
Heart rate (HR) is the number of beats the heart makes every minute measured in beats per minute (bpm). Blood pressure (BP), on the other hand, is the force that blood exerts on the walls of the vessels.
A common error is the confusion of heart rate with blood pressure, which are two different parameters. From the measurement point, these two parameters are displayed by electronic instruments and free heart rate apps that distinguish well between beats and pressure.
BP&HR – Always Linked
There is no direct link between a regular heart rate and healthy blood pressure; thus, their readings are independent of each other.
But, some situations may arise where your heart rate and blood pressure increase rapidly, for example, during exercise. The average pulse rate increases with the intensity of exercise but reduces when you stop.
Target Numbers for BP&HR
There is an optimum range for what defines a normal BP or HR that helps preserve cardiovascular health.
Doctors consider the HR to be normal between 60 and 100bpm. Also, a normal BP is systolic pressure less than or equal to 120 mmHg and diastolic pressure same to 80 mmHg.
HR and BP depend on several factors: age, lifestyle, medication, etc.
When Your Measure Matters
Understanding your BP is essential to maintain a healthy life. It is because each reading interprets the heart status, as you would see in the blood pressure chart later in this article.
Generally, BP and HR are measured by doctors and nurses with sphygmomanometers. However, you can also check these parameters with automated devices that can still give interpretations for your readings, although not as accurate as those of a doctor.
There are also mobile apps like the Welltory that allow you to input your readings and provide you with helpful information. As a result, you understand if you need to worry or not. In addition, data collection is automatic with such apps and devices; therefore, their use is understood even by those who have never dealt with health equipment.
What Do Your Blood Pressure Numbers Mean?
Blood pressure varies with age, gender, and lifestyle, and the value implies a person’s health status. Four blood pressure types have been classified according to the American Heart Association (AHA):
- Stage 1 hypertension
- Stage 2 hypertension
Below is a blood pressure chart with their respective values:
|Systolic pressure (mmHg)||Diastolic pressure (mmHg)|
|Normal||below 120||below 80|
|Prehypertension||120 – 129||below 80|
|Stage 1||130 -139||80 – 89|
|Stage 2||140 and above||90 and above|
If your BP is above the normal thresholds, it indicates a state of hypertension. However, try to understand if it’s temporary, but if you notice it lasts for a few days, report to your doctor.
When to See a Doctor
The appearance of the symptoms of low BP (hypotension) depends on the speed with which the pressure decreases. A sharp drop in BP can cause dizziness, nausea, blurred vision, fainting, etc. On the other hand, when the pressure is always low, atypical symptoms like fatigue, tiredness, and lack of concentration may occur, making one think, erroneously, of a state of depression.
Hypotension is generally less fatal than hypertension, but it is not a reason to underestimate it; therefore, medical consultation is also valid in this case.
Blood Pressure: How Low Can It Be?
Hypotension means blood pressure values lower the normal: systolic resting pressure lower than 90 mmHg and diastolic lower than 60 mmHg.
In healthy people, hypotension does not cause any symptoms, and only rarely can it cause dizziness or fainting. Therefore, clinically, it is a less severe condition than hypertension.
Severe cases can deprive the body of the oxygen it needs to perform its normal functions, causing damage to the heart and brain. A state of shock can also occur, which can lead to death in the absence of timely treatment.
Conditions That Can Cause Low Blood Pressure
In some cases, low BP can be physiological; it can represent a typical characteristic of a subject to which the body can adapt. Hypotension becomes a disorder when it occurs with blood pressure drops that can cause dizziness and fainting.
In these cases, the causes of low blood pressure can be:
- Disease-related: for example, thyroid dysfunction, septicemias, anemia, cardiac dysfunctions, allergies, abuse of antidepressants and diuretics, etc.
- Environmental: nutritional deficiencies, external temperature change resulting in sweat and dehydration.
- Pregnancy and menstruation: hypotension is common in the first months of pregnancy.
Dangers of High BP
The issue with hypertension is that someone may have this problem but not notice it, the reason it is sometimes called a silent killer. It is essential to know your blood pressure to find a remedy if the values are not normal. In this way, you can prevent or limit any damage. Untreated hypertension can lead to strokes, heart attacks, vascular disease, and kidney failure.
What Are the Treatments?
You can treat hypertension with both medical remedies and natural remedies. However, mild cases are treated without drug therapy. The first step is to start a healthy lifestyle. Reduce the consumption of salt, coffee, alcohol, quit smoking, and do regular physical activity. If this is not enough, your doctor will guide medication.
Drug therapy involves the use of diuretics, sympatholytics, vasodilators, renin-angiotensin inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, etc. Combination therapy gives the best outcomes with fewer side effects.
Also, there are many natural cures to lower blood pressure; one of the most effective is raw garlic. Other natural remedies include cocoa, cod liver oil, probiotics, foods high in omega 3, cardamom, coconut water, and lime infusion.
Should I Monitor My BP?
For people with hypertension, home BP monitoring allows to monitor the number of changes in blood pressure throughout the day and over the days. This can also help your doctor determine how well your medicine works.
It is essential to keep your health, blood pressure, and heart rate values within normal limits. Monitoring these parameters has been made easy with the introduction of smart devices and apps like Welltory. Thus, you check your readings and get valid interpretations from the comfort of your home.