# INTERIOR DESIGN AND 3D MODELING

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3D modeling is a mathematical method of creating designs in the virtual three dimensions (height/depth, length, and breadth) of any object or surface. 3D modeling attempts to recreate some real-world entity, or a blueprint for a future structure, or even a work of art. 3D models can be generated automatically or created manually by manipulations and deformations of vertices, edges, and faces.

## Scope of 3D Modeling

A lot of careers revolve around 3D modeling. Modern 3D modeling software provides visual representation, accurate rendering of the object, and also a great deal of technical detail with nearly zero errors. 3D modeling is widely used in the architecture industry, interior design, medical Industry, forensics, earth science, engineering, gaming, and film industry.

## Interior design 3D modeling

The process of interior design involves creating the experience of a certain interior space by relying on surface treatment and spatial volume manipulation. It relies on architecture, environmental psychology, as well as product design, unlike plain decoration. 3D and interior design software together include analysis of programmatic information, working on refining the direction of the design, creating a conceptual direction, and producing construction and graphic communication documents.

## Balance in 3D modeling of interior design

Balance is the essential key element and essential concept in the 3D interior model. The balance represents an equal visual weight distribution throughout a certain space. While using 3D modeling software for designing sense of balance can be maintained by three styles.

## 1. Symmetrical

This traditional kind of style typically involves the placement of the same object at both sides of the vertical.

## 2. Asymmetrical

This modern style is about balancing the weight at both sides of vertical by using objects that have similar visual effects.

This style is rarely used in interior designing, it includes focusing on a central point and arrange weight around that point in a radial manner.

## Principles of 3D interior design

Basic principles to be kept in mind while playing with 3D modeling software for an interior design are

•  Maintain a perfect contrast
• Smooth transition
• Progression and Repetition
• Color
• Proper proportions and scale of size and shape

## Why use 3D modeling software for interior designing?

The interior designing process can be revolutionized and modernize by using 3D modeling software in different ways. Some are below

## 1. Planning

As compared to theoretical models or physical models, 3D models are highly precise and allow professionals to make a detailed action plan for each step. Potential weaknesses can also be determined by using algorithms of 3D modeling software and modifications can be made.

## 2. Real-world visualization

3D models provide interaction of data points with the object itself or external factors, such as weather and possible interactions with other objects including humans.

## 3. Range

3D modeling has a lot of potential targets it is not only designed for manufacturing purposes but also for destruction, rearranging, and learning purposes. Professionals, as well as freelancers, can also make a living out of designing 3D models.