Construction site inspection (Site Analysis)

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Site analysis for building construction A constructor, such as a home building company บริษัทรับสร้างบ้าน, will have a procedure to study the constraints from the environment that influence the design. where we may position the building and the placement of various areas of space pattern to define the lines around the building and create harmony with the outside garden Construction site surveys should begin with field data collection.

ㆍ Write the frame of the land according to the condition of ownership.

ㆍ Shows the retreat distance of the building from the land area. Land boundaries of public roads, as well as the boundaries of places for pedestrians entering and exiting other plots of land that are not adjacent to public roads (if any)

ㆍ Estimate the amount of space and the size of the building. Necessary amenities and future expansion (if applicable)

ㆍ Check the slope of the ground and the soil layer condition. to find an area suitable for building construction and activities outside the building

ㆍ Determine points with high and moderate slopes that may not be suitable for building construction.

ㆍ Show the area where soil conditions are suitable for drainage. (if possible)

ㆍ Draw a map showing the drainage of the area where the building is being built (LEED SS Credit 6: Storm Water Design).

ㆍ Write the groundwater level at various locations in the land area, showing the area that may be a waterway. flooding when it rains or is eroded

ㆍ Shows the location of local trees and plants that exist in the original land that should be preserved.

ㆍ Make a plan showing the area where water flows in different ways. where the former exists, for example, the area is a pond, a water stream, a river ridge flood plains in some seasons or the waterfront area that should be preserved (LEED SS Credit 5: Site Development, Protect or Restore Habitat)

ㆍCreate a climate map, such as the path of the sun’s movement. local wind direction The average rainfall was observed on the impact of the land and adjacent buildings. that may cause the wind or light to reflect into the eyes

ㆍ Estimate the radiation of the sun. which is a natural energy source that may be used

ㆍ Determine possible entrance points from highways and bus stops (LEED SS Credit 4: Alternative Transportation)).

ㆍ Study possible pedestrian and traffic routes from the entrance point to the entrance of the building.

ㆍ Inspect the major utilities available: water supply, sewers, rainwater sewers, electricity, telephone cables, fire hydrants.

ㆍ Establish access to fire trucks in the event of a fire.

ㆍ Describe desirable and undesirable aspects of landscapes.

ㆍ Refer to sources that will cause noise or traffic jams and congestion.

ㆍ Assess the ability to create harmony between their own land use and surrounding land conditions.

ㆍ Determine the points of historical and cultural resources that should be preserved.

ㆍ Consider the properties and dimensions of the ground conditions. or adjacent land that may affect the design of the building

ㆍMap the way to hospitals, resting places and nearby commercial districts (LEED SS Credit 2: Development Density & Community Connectivity)


The soil condition consists of soil that is divided into two large layers. is the coarse-grained soil layer and the fine-grained soil layer The coarse soil layer consists of gravel and sand. which has relatively large particles that can be seen with the naked eye For fine-grained soils such as sandy soils, clay soils, containing particles that are smaller than the American Society for Testing and Material TM testing institute, the American Society for Testing and Material TM has classified gravel, sand, sand and clay into soil types according to their size, composition and physical characteristics.

The existing soil layer under the building construction site. May consist of soil layers of various sizes. stacked together Each layer contains a mixture of that type of soil. formed by erosion or deposition In order to visualize the sequence of soil layers Geological engineers can write a soil profile, a cross-sectional figure of the soil layer. Throughout the vertical from the top soil layer to the bottom layer using data from drilling surveys to collect soil samples

The strength of a building structure depends on its stability. The bearing capacity of soil or rock placed under the foundation of a building. Evolution changes the assembly of floors. and the density of the soil layer beneath the foundation soil particle size as well as the presence or absence of groundwater All of these are factors in determining the suitability of the soil under the foundation.

When to design a semi-public building or a building Therefore, it is necessary to have a geotechnical engineer to check the condition of the soil beneath the building to be constructed. Soil analysis (subsurface investigation; CSI Master Format 02 30 00) regarding the testing and analysis of the soil taken up. By the method of drilling from a hole depth of 10 ft or 3 m or may be deeper. by way of exploring in order to understand soil structure characteristics Shear and compressive strength The ability to withstand water and water permeability. as well as shrinking when under load conditions from these data Geoengineers are able to calculate probable subsidence under applicable foundation load conditions.